- Street: 211 S 4th Ave
- City: Pocatello
- State: Idaho
- Country: United States
- Zip/Postal Code: 83204
- Listed: December 6, 2015 2:53 pm
- Expires: This ad has expired
Celluloid Oval Picture Frame
Frame is 4 3/4″ wide by 6 1/4″ high.
Celluloid, a transparent flammable plastic made in sheets from camphor and nitrocellulose, formerly used for cinematographic film. was the first form of plastic. It was first registered for use in 1870 and was discontinued in the first half of the 20th century due to its flammability. Table tennis balls contain some celluloid and continue to be produced.
Many many mirror frame like tthis celluloid oval picture frame and other vanity items were made with celluloid in the early 20’s and 30’s, among those were dolls, toys, jewelry, knife other utility handles.
Wikipedia states: ” Celluloid is easily molded and shaped, and it was first widely used as an ivory replacement. The main use was in movie and photography film industries, which used only celluloid films prior to acetate films that were introduced in the 1950s. Celluloid is highly flammable, difficult and expensive to produce and no longer widely used, although its most common uses today are in table tennis balls, musical instruments and guitar picks.”
Uses cited by Wikipedia:
All movie and photography films prior to acetate films in the fifties were made of celluloid. Its high flammability was legendary since it self explodes when exposed to temperatures over 150 °C in front of a hot movie projector beam.
Celluloid was useful for creating cheaper jewellery, jewellery boxes, hair accessories and many items that would earlier have been manufactured from ivory, horn or other expensive animal products. It was often referred to as “Ivorine” or “French Ivory”. It was also used for dressing table sets, dolls, picture frames, charms, hat pins, buttons, buckles, stringed instrument parts, accordions, fountain pens, cutlery handles and kitchen items. The main disadvantage the material had was that it was flammable. Items made in celluloid are collectible today and increasingly rare in good condition. It was soon overtaken by Bakelite and Catalin. Table tennis balls are also made from celluloid.
Shelf clocks and other furniture items were often covered with celluloid in a manner similar to veneer. This celluloid was printed to look like expensive woods, or materials like marble or granite. TheSeth Thomas clock company called its celluloid clock material “adamantine”. Celluloid enabled clockmakers to make the typical late Victorian style of black mantel clock in such a way that the wooden case appeared to be black marble, and the various pillars and other decorative elements of the case looked like semi-precious stone.
Celluloid remains in use for musical instruments, especially accordions. Celluloid is very robust, easy to mold in difficult forms and has great acoustic performance. Instruments covered with celluloid can easily be recognized of the typical nacre-like flaming pattern. Thick celluloid panels are cooked in a bain-marie which turns them into leather-like substance. Panels are then turned on a mold and allowed to harden, for as long as three months.
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